James is a participant in the Fundamental Physics track at the Wolfram Summer School. He is beginning a job as a Complex Systems Analyst under contract with SingularityNET, where he will be applying homotopy type theory (HoTT) and info-metrics to problems in decentralized artificial intelligence. He is also currently conducting research on the “gray goo” problem in molecular nanotechnology with support from Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University. Boyd’s interests include computer science, mathematics, SETI, the physics of information, economics, architecture, conflict studies and cinema. Boyd has been involved in projects germane to such disciplines at institutions as diverse as the National Defense University and the Parsons School of Design.